Dessert Wine

history of wine german wine culture of wine consuming wine  %tages Dessert WineDessert wines are sweet wines usually served with dessert.

A dessert wine is considered to be any sweet wine drunk with a meal, as opposed to the white fortified wines drunk before the meal, and the red fortified wines drunk after it. Thus, most fortified wines are compared as distinct from dessert wines.

In the United States, oppositely, a dessert wine is legally defined as any wine over 14% alcohol by volume, which includes all fortified wines. This dates back to a time when the US wine industry only made dessert wines by fortification, but such a classification is outdated now that modern yeast and viticulture can produce dry wines over 15% without fortification.

German dessert wines can contain half that amount of alcohol.

Winemakers want to produce a dessert wine containing high levels of both sugar and alcohol, yet the alcohol is made from sugar. There are many ways to increase sugar levels in the final wine:

  • Grow grapes so that they naturally have sugar to spare for both sweetness and alcohol.
  • Add alcohol before all the sugar is fermented, this is called fortification, or 'mutage'.
  • Add sugar.
  • Remove water to concentrate the sugar.

Honey was added to wine in early Roman times Continue reading

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Rothschilds And Wine

“My grandfather was the only Rothschild who detested being referred to as a businessman,” says Julien de Beaumarchais de Rothschild. He’s the baron’s heir and with his 77-year-old mother, Baroness Philippine de Rothschild, owns privately held Baron Philippe de Rothschild SA, which he says annually produces between 100,000 and 150,000 bottles of the Bordeaux first-growth Pauillac Chateau Mouton Rothschild.Baron Rothschild Read more

Famous Wine Quotes 2

"It seems to me that there are three things that have changed in the wine world. First, the wine rich got richer and the wine poor got poorer. By which I mean that wine prices have polarized beyond belief. Twenty years ago I drank the greatest wines of the world all the time. (I was a wine merchant and a restaurateur, and it was my job, darn it.)" --- the late Lee Evans of Australia, 1996.

"Wine experts can’t resist making predictions. In 1990, wine lover Richard Nixon prophesied that the Chinese would someday match the French in the quality of their wines; this despite a Chinese carte des vins that featured sweet red wine and a grape called Cow’s Nipple. In the mid-1980s, a well-known New York wine merchant asserted that an $8 Cabernet from Chile was as good as Lafite, and auction prices would eventually reflect this little-known fact. Wine coolers too, as I recall, were expected to expose a vast new market to the pleasures of wine drinking. The coolers bombed, [a nice bottle of Lafite will set you back $250 or more], and Chilean cabernet is still mostly eight bucks." --- Stephen Tanzer, Forbes, May 6, 1996
other history of wine culture of wine  %tages Famous Wine Quotes 2
“Hemingway is great in that alone of living writers he has saturated his work with the memory of physical pleasure, with sunshine and salt water, with food, wine and making love and the remorse which is the shadow of that sun.” --- Cyril Connolly, The Unquiet Grave, 1951.

"Clearly, the pleasures wines afford are transitory, but so are those of the ballet or of a musical performance. Wine is inspiring and adds greatly to the joy of living." --- Napoleon

On drinking the wines of Bordeaux: “The French drink them young, so a Socialist government won’t take them. The English drink them old, so they can show their friends cobwebs and dusty bottles. The American drink them exactly when they are ready, because they don’t know any better.” --- Anonymous

"For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red." --- Psalms 75:8

Making good wine is a skill; making fine wine is Continue reading

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Famouse Wine Quotes

"Penicillin cures, but wine makes people happy." --- Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), the Scottish bacteriologist credited with discovering Penicillin in 1928.

"Wine is the most civilized thing in the world." --- Ernest Hemingway.

"Wine improves with age. The older I get, the better I like it." --- Anonymous
"Compromises are for relationships, not wine." --- Sir Robert Scott Caywood

"Beer is made by men, wine by God!" --- Martin Luther

"Drinking good wine with good food in good company is one of life's most civilized pleasures."--- Michael Broadbent

"Wine makes daily living easier, less hurried, with fewer tensions and more tolerance." --- Benjamin Franklin

[at his first sip of champagne] "Come quickly! I am tasting stars!" --- Dom Perignon

"Men are like wine - some turn to vinegar, but the best improve with age." --- Pope John XXIII

"Alonso of Aragon was wont to say in commendation of age, that 'age appears to be best in four things - old wood best to burn, old wine to drink, old friends to trust, and old authors to read.'" --- Francis Bacon, 1624
history of wine culture of wine  %tages Famouse Wine Quotes
"I cook with wine; sometimes I even add it to the food." --- W. C. Fields

"Wine is life." --- Petronius, Roman writer

"He who aspires to be a serious wine drinker must drink claret." (“claret” is the British term for red Bordeaux) --- Samuel Johnson

"Nothing makes the future look so rosy as to contemplate it through a glass of Chambertin." --- Napoleon

"No nation is drunken where wine is cheap, and none sober where the dearness of wine substitutes ardent spirits as the common beverage." --- Continue reading

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Wine and Food Pairing

Here are a few guidelines to help plan the best wine for your meal.

Sweet

culture of wine consuming wine  %tages Wine and Food PairingSweetness in food cancels the fruit and/or any residual sugar in wines, making them taste drier than they are. Sweet dishes call for wines of at least equal sweetness.
Choice: Antigua Creme Brulee and Antigua Dessert Wine

Salty

Salty or briny foods also cancel the fruit in wines. Salty dishes call for aromatic wines with high acidity, some sweetness, low tannins, and/or intense fruitiness.
Choice: Fresh Oysters in Champagne and Sauvignon Blanc or sparkling wine

Tart

Tart foods cancel some of a wines fruitiness. Serve them with lightly sweet, very fruity, and/or full bodied white wines. In some cases, tart or crisp wines will also work well.
Choice: Endive Salad with Citrus Vinaigrette and a crisp Chardonnay

Spicy

Spicy or hot foods cancel some of a wines fruitiness too. Serve them with lightly sweet, very fruity, low tannin, and/or crisp wines. Stay away from higher alcohol, tannic red, and/or oaky wines.
Choice: Sea Scallops with Jerk Marinade and Sauvignon Blanc or Gewrztraminer

Rich

Rich dishes overpower delicately flavored, lighter bodied wines. Serve with full flavored, full bodied, higher acid wines.
Choice: Braised Lamb Shanks and Cabernet Sauvignon

Fish and Game
culture of wine consuming wine  %tages Wine and Food Pairing
Fish and game overpower mildly flavored, medium bodied, dry wines. Try these with very fruity, full bodied, high acid, and/or medium sweet wines.
Choice: Roasted Salmon with Pernod & Baby Spinach with Pinot Noir

Smoky

Smoked foods overpower all but the fruitiest, richest wines. Low Continue reading

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Dry Red Wine Types

history of wine culture of wine consuming wine  %tages Dry Red Wine TypesRed wines come in many unique styles, the most obvious difference being dry and sweet. The dryness or sweetness of a wine depends on its mount of residual sugar. The vast majority of red wines available are dry, meaning they have little to no sugar. It would be nearly impossible to create a complete listing of every type of dry red wine, but the basic categories are easy to define.

Classic French Reds

Many of the world's most famous and highly regarded dry red wines come from old France, and most of those come from three major regions: Bordeaux, Burgundy and the Rhone Valley. Bordeaux red wines are blends of several grapes, mainly cabernet sauvignon, merlot and cabernet franc. Red wines from Burgundy are made exclusively from pinot noir. In the northern Rhone, red wines are made from syrah, while southern Rhone wines can be blends of as many as 13 grapes like the famous Chateauneuf-du-Pape but are predominantly made from grenache. The best of the wines from these regions are extraordinarily complex and tend to age well.

Other Old World Reds

Italians create many well-known dry red wines in two main regions: Piedmont and Tuscany. The major Tuscan grape is sangiovese, which produces the ubiquitous Chianti, as well as the more refined Brunello di Montalcino. When sangiovese wine is blended with wine from non-Italian grapes, the wines are dubbed "Super Tuscans" and are usually wines of great quality and high prices. In Piedmont, the king of all grapes is nebbiolo, which produces such distinguished red wines as Barolo and Barbaresco, Italy's most complex and robust wines made for long aging. Spain produces some high-quality reds from the tempranillo grape, including notable wines from Rioja and Priorat.

Countries all over the world have jumped into the wine-making game, many with great success at producing dry red wines. In California, Napa Valley Continue reading

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